Drina River - green beauty
Drina River, river in the central Balkans, originating with the confluence of the Tara and Piva rivers and following a 215-mi (346-km) course, mainly northward, to enter the Sava. Its upper course is through canyons and gorges, while its lower course is wider. The river Drina, green and fast, like the time that marches by, a witness to human goodnes and human evil, for sure is the best described in novels of Ivo Andric, winner of the 1961 Nobel Prize in Literature. Here we try to represent to you some facts about this great river.
Drina River - Drinos
Drina is one of the most beautiful rivers in Serbia. In ancient times it was called Drinos and people named it Zelenika or Zelenka (Green in Serbian) after colour of its water. It meanders through picturesque mountainous and plain regions of Bosnia and Serbia. On its banks are settled broad ravines with cultivable and inhabited fields as well as steep banks of rugged and canyon type overgrown with willows, poplars and short bushes. The most beautiful and the biggest canyon in its course Drina engraved from Zepa to Klotijevac, 24km long. Length of its course from Scepan pole, where it originates from Piva and Tara to its mouth in Sava is 340 km. The difference in height above sea level between its spring and mouth is 358 km. Width of its course varies from 100-200m in Perucac and Zvornik to 15m in place called Tijesno (Narrow). At Bajina Basta, 54,4 to698 m3/s of water flows and water level is 34-356 cm. Water temperature is from 8,7-16,3 C. Colour of water is mostly green and it is second class of quality.
The main tributaries into Drina in Bajina Basta area are Pilica, Rogacica, Raca and number of springs and fountainheads, which arise in limestone and shale area on Tara edges, empty into Drina. The biggest is fountainhead of Perucac. It is almost river situated on 265 m above sea level and average water capacity is 300 l/s. From the fountainhead water flows few hundred meters over the lowest Drina terrase and then falls down into Drina. At present, unsurpassable wild- natural harmony of Drina is tamed by dams and lakes (Visegrad, Perucac, Zvornik) and the beauty of Drina canyons is disturbed but not destroyed. The river lost its seasonal (autmn and spring) temper when many arable fields and settlements down the course suffered and it gained navigability, possibilities for tourism and economic importance (production of electricity).
The most important hidrographic facilities in Bajina Basta area are connected with Drina and besides its course to which Bajina Basta gravitates 92% tributaries, fountainheads and springs , there are 2 cumulative reservoirs, of which one originated by damming Drina course (at Perucac, 134 km from Bajina Basta), by dam 93 m high. Reservoir area is 28 km2 , debth is 88 m and length 50 km. The second reservoir was built up on the west side of Tara-mountain on river Beli Rzav in which, by the system of pumps, water from Drina is transfered when there is high water level. By returning water from Tara reservoir into Perucac, technological process of producton of electricity in system of HE "Bajina Basta" is completed. Interesting items related to Drina:
Drina was natural border between Western and Eastern Roman Empire and through history it was dividing catholic from orthodox area
alongside Drina- border between Austro-Hungarian and Serbia- big war operations were waged during 1914/15
In present time Drina is famous for its attractive canyon landscapes, reservoirs, fish resources (trout, huchen, carp, chub..). There is say in peoples' memory for its curved course "who can straighten curved Drina". It is say for useless job similar to Greek-antique mythological story on Sisyphus. That is why Drina is mythological, historical and real picture of men's living in these places.