Sunday, September 10, 2006

Mountain Tara

The mistique and powefull name for the beautiful mountain
Tara (from 1000 to 1,500 metres a.s.l.) one of the most beautiful mountains in Yugoslavia, clad in dense forests with numerous clearings and meadows, cliffs, ravines and caves...
Tara was declared a National Park in 1981. It is in the mountainous region of Western Serbia and it spreads on the Tara and Zvezda mountains, in a large bend of the river Drina. The area of this national park is about 22,000 hectares and consists of a gruop of mountain peaks and areas with deep gorges, the most striking of which is the Drina Gorge.The Drina Gorge, which is an an integral part of park, can be toured by boat. This is a special attraction and memorable experience. Forests account for three quarters of this national park's area and some of them are best preserved and of highest quality in Europe. Tara also boasts a rare endemic Tertiary species, the Pancic spruce. The park management office is in Bajina Basta. The Tara National Park can be reached from Bajina Basta directly (by the Bajina Basta - Kaludjerske Bare road), from Bajina Basta via Perucac (by the Perucac - Mitrovac road) and from Kremna (the Kremna - Kaludjerske Bare road). There are now two basic tourist localities in the national park: Kaludjerske Bare and Mitrovac. Tara offers excellent conditions for relaxation and recreation throughout the year.
The Mountain of Tara - the most beautifull mountain of Serbia IUpon the archaeological remainders we could acknowledge and assert the continuity of life on the mountain of Tara, from the period of neolit (the culture of Vinca) to the iron age.
It is also known that along the upper middle course of the river of Drina, on the mountain of Tara, lived the lliric tribe named Autariata, and from that period of time till noways are known the names of mountain and the river of Tara, the river of Drina, Cigota and others.During the period of Byzantine power upon the Balkan peninsula, the territories of the mountain of Tara, the canyons of the rivers of Drina and Raca, represented the northeast defensive border, inaccessible and natural.The Slavic tribes had come to that territory and had brought new customs as well as new way of living, organization of life, and, by founding of the first Serbian state in Raska, at the beginning of the 13 century, had become the brave defenders of the north frontiers.In the second half of the 13 century, the king Dragutin has built in that territory, precisely said at the coast of the river of Raca, before entering in the canyon, the Monastery of Raca, for reasons of safety, but in the following centuries that had become the source of literacy for that territory. The importance of the Monastery of Raca had grown by the conquering of Serbia by Turks because the people from monastery had continued their work on the literacy with their activity of copying and by their working in the branch of culture, forming the 'School of Raca'.For reasons of wars, of course - defensive wars (Austro-Hungarian) later on, it was the rebellion against the Turks, the Monastery had been destroyed and burned twice, so the cultural property had been moved to the Monasteries of Fruska Gora, in that period of time (Hungary, and in noways so called Vojvodina).In 1835, when the State of Serbia was liberated, the Monastery of Raca had been renovated completely, in the style of tile school of Ragka, with the iconostasis of Djordje Bakalovic. In the churchyard of the Monastery had been built the threes- toried tower with the turret, palaces (they usually are built as twostoried buildings with all following rooms), there is also the commemorative plaque on the grave of Hadzi Milentije, the Archimandrite of the Monastery. His flag is conserved in the property of the Monastery, as one of rare remnant flags of Serbian, rebellions from that time.In the contemporary time,,ten years ago, on the place so called Kaludjerske Bare, was built a new magnificent Monastery Stanovi, with all fallowing rooms and details needed. It is situated not so far away from the Mountaineer's Hostel, just one hour of walking. This hilly and mountainous region of Tara is populated by Serbs population from Hercegovina, Crna Gora and from the cast parts of Bosnia and after the liberation of Serbia from the Turks,, to these parts of Tara had been migrated the population from the'Old Vilah, along the Serbian-Turkish frontier on the mountain of Tara, where they had built watchtowers in Jagostica. Mokra Gora and Sargan.The natural frontier toward Bosnia is, the river of Drina with their canyons and cliffs is famous in the world history. by victims of many of Serbs warriors during'the I World War, but also is fimous by the winning battles for freedom against the formers conquerors from Austro-Hungary and German Monarchy, as well as in the II World War against the conquerors of that time.
The river of Drina is very rich with rapid water and waterfalls that are very convenient for faster development of witer sports (kayak driving, lowing by rafts that lasts 4 or 5 days with spending the niglits in tents), refining the lumber in the limber industry, developing of the sawmills, transporting of the oval building material. these branches of industry have been developing since 1856, when the Duke Milog Obrenovi6 had formed by the law the first foresters (1820) and sawmills, but with the same law had protected the forests and other natural treasures from greater felling of trees.The massif of the mountain of Tara is situated in the west part of the Serbia, bordered on river and canyon of Drina'on northwest side and by its southeast side, its branches are coming down towards the mountain of Ziatibor.The mountain of Tara consists on the whole of 3 regions such as: Tara in the narrower sense - Kaludjerske Bare ( the plateau rich in limestone: the rivers of Drina, Raca, Beli Rzav and Derventa, and the highest peak is Zboriste - 1.544m.Crni Vrh between the village of Zaiovina (upon which is a big reversible lake very rich with the Californian trout) and Riististe and the highest peak is Kozji Vrh of 1.591 m. Zvezda is situated in the triaingle of the villages Rastiste and Jagostice, canyon of the river of Drina, with the highest peak Veliki Kraj of 1.444 m.The mountaineer(s terriins are wavy (Kiludjerske Bare and SIjivovica) steep and rugged (the Canyon of Raca, Zvezdia, Cmi Vrh) with the most wonderful valleys of the rivers of Drina, Raca, Derventa, Beli Rzav, that makes in their courses nice canyons, crigs, witerwlicels, caves and hallows, ideal regions for the life of animal, especially bears and clianiois.
The Mountain of Tara - the most beautifull mountain of Serbia IICLIMATE CONDITIONS - According to the favorable climate conditions, Tara is during the year, in summer and in winter months, very suitable for develop- ing of tourism on various levels. In the summer
period of the year there is a lot of sunny days, and in the winter period of the year there is a lot of snowy days, so, according to the constructed hotels (capacity of for about 2.500 beds) there is a possibility, with good humored population for the very pleasant sojourn. Talking about the climate conditions it should be mentioned that here is present moderate continental climate with moderite wirm summers ind winters, and the transitional periods of the year meek and gridual, and the autumn is warmer than the spring. Up to the mountain of Tara is the border between warrn airily circulation from the south and cold from the north, that influents the continental climate. Meas- urements that are taken during the year from the meteorological station on Mitrovae (1082 m height above the sea level) are the average temperature during the years is 5 degree C and average rainfill 977,3 mm.
FAUNA - During many years the special attention was turned to the protection, nursing and developing of the fauna by the lumber camp. That way of working is consisted of making of the oasis for food, control cheque for hunters, prohibition of hunting in some months and hunting exclusively with the hunting guides. ne mountain of Tara is very rich with animals. There are 53 sorts of mammals and 153 sorts of birds. Tara could praises, which is a rare example that in her hunting grounds there is a lot of bears, chamois and other sorts. According to so expert and rich care, the bears and chamois are growing up in their reservations (canyons, caves and hollows), human care which they have enables them to surpass all the results in the Europe and in the world.The bear, who is the same time, the trademark of the mountain of Tara, could reach 2,40 in and 1,30 in of height and 250-300 kg of weight.The chamois is often living on sides of tile canyons of Drina, where he could find a lot of food and unreaciiible roads for any pedestrian, with lot of drinking and clean water, according to the fact the chamois is a fearful animal. This sort of chamois from Tara is different from the chamois from Alps according to the shape of the skull, and the male goat horns are very valuable.
THE FLORA - Considering the flora, the mountain of Tara has a very important advantage because of the reservations in its region. Protected by the present law, Pancic's spruces are the representatives of the endemic relicts which have existed since tercier to nowadiys ind still are in their full development. The spruces had been discovered by the natturalist of the world's fame, dr losif Pancic, by whose name they has been called. The Pancic's Spruce became the center of the world's attention and Serbian pride and pride of the mountain of Tara and by that fact the world's attention is directed to this part of the country.Every existing reservation of the Pincic's Spruce is marked on the mountaineer's tourist folder enclosed, such as: Zvezda, Brusnica, Karaula, Ljuti Breg, Bilo, Crvene Stene, Racanska SIjivovica and the others.Considering the rest parts of the forest and their sorts, there are firs, juniper bush and beech with some particular sorts of conifers such as pine tree and also of the evergreen such as: maple, aspen and birch. In these forests under the regular distribution and protection of expert supervision of high quality the industry of refining the lumber in the sawmills is supplied by the lumber of high quality. The space that doesn't belong to the forest are numerous meadows, floral and aromatic, decorated by natural meidow's flowers, suitable for raising of bees (the high quality production of honey - forester black and meadows') that is in the aim of guarding the health.'These meadows replace the forests in which the conifers are of 25-30 m of height. These regions so as the mountain of Tara, are very rarely populated, except of the part called Y-iluderske Bare, the center of it, where the block of hotels is situated.
TOURISM - On the mountain of Tara are constructed many roads, asphalt roads and the others with Unfinished macadam road. This road network besides the take of Peru6ac, than from the Mitrovac to the Kadinjaca and Kremna, enables a pleasant sojourn, visiting all the beauties, aswell as practising
hunting and fishing. We have to mention here the takes an(] the dams: the dam ,Kruscica" on the river Beli Rzav, where is built a modern water supply that waters the whole mountain of Tara. Going on by the left side of the river we are arriving to the Zaovina, in the closeness to tile take. Enclosed the folder the hotels are described clearly, for the summer using, and in the winter also, with the ski lift, near the Beli Bor. ne ideal condition in the winter is runnin- on skis, a long promenades, with pleasant picnics with trumpet music, with local cooked brandy, local cheese and diary cream, corn bread , baked lamb roast and young goat roast, local roast - tenderloin and loin of pork.Besides the hotel accommodation there is also the possibility for accommodation in the houses of the domestic population, of course of the high quality.Although the man has been present on the mountain of Tara for centuries, the nature is conserved here on the whole. One couldn't only builds here, but has to leave to the nature that what belong to her. ne forest is restored, their qualities are conserved and in nowadays ilif-,y are giving us after all good condition for healthy life, healthy water, the air that is clear, although it is only for the summer holidays.After spending a few weekends on the mountain of Tara, on his way back to home, a man could feel a strange gap, because he was accustomed very quick to the evenings walks, evenings parties with a lot of folk music, guitar in the Hostel, and the orchestra in the hotels, making a long, long friendship with local population.

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